Hand Surgery near Memphis, Tennessee
Orthopaedic surgeons often specialize in hand surgery that restores hand, wrist, and finger function caused by disease or trauma. It involves the reconstruction of upper extremity muscles, ligaments, soft tissues (such as articular cartilage), bones, and skin. Hand reconstructive surgery improves the function and aesthetics of a hand. Below are some of the most common types of hand conditions and injuries that our hand specialists are qualified to treat.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
One of the most common hand conditions, carpale tunnel syndrome is caused by pressure on the median nerve, which runs through a small passage between your forearm and hand. Excess pressure on the nerve causes damage to the nerves, resulting in tingling sensations, impaired function of the hand, or numbness.
Individuals susceptible to Carpal tunnel include obese people, patients with arthritis, and women. People who frequently use keyboards, a computer mouse, or check registers are also at a higher risk of having carpal tunnel syndrome.
For less severe cases, treatment options include over-the-counter or prescription medication, physical therapy, or splinting. A professional might also advise you to ease some tasks at work or at home to reduce the symptoms.
However, more severe cases will require orthopaedic surgery in order to restore proper functioning and sensation to the hand. The procedure involves relieving tension pressing on the median nerve.
Our hand surgeons will perform a physical examination, order X-ray imaging or an EMG to diagnose carpal tunnel syndrome, and schedule surgery if the severity calls for it.
Arthritis of the Fingers, Wrist, and Thumb
Arthritis occurs as a result of rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis. It commonly occurs in the hand, wrist, and fingers. This medical condition causes joints and fingers to have bent positions. It also impairs movement of the hands.
Individuals with arthritis of the hand can’t perform simple tasks like lifting heavy objects, writing and gripping, or opening jars. Other medical symptoms of arthritis include:
- Joint pain
- Pain of the wrist, fingers, and thumbs
- Swelling, warmth, or redness in the fingers
- Bony “knobs” near the finger joints
- Stiffness in the fingers in the morning
- Grinding in the joints
- Small areas of fluid that appear as dents or ridges under the skin
Arthritis creates a deformed appearance to the hands. Therefore, reconstructive surgery on the hands is necessary. The surgery involves removing tissues from inflamed joints, repositioning tendons, or artificial joint implantation.
The trigger finger occurs when a tendon or the tissue surrounding it becomes inflamed. This results in the finger getting stuck in a bent position. When inflammation occurs, the space between the pulley and the tendons reduces restraining movement. Inflammation disrupts the normal gliding motion that enables movement.
Trigger finger is common among individuals with rheumatoid arthritis, women, and individuals who use their hands too much in work. Some of the signs and symptoms include pain in your fingers, stiffness in the finger, clicking or locking sensation, and inability to straighten your finger.
Severe cases of trigger finger require surgery where your hand surgeon cuts open the constricted area of tissue to restore motion and eliminate the symptoms.
Dupuytren’s contracture is a hand deformity that develops over several years. It forms when a layer of tissue beneath the palm of the skin thickens. Dupuytren’s contracture makes simple tasks like grasping objects difficult.
When you get this condition, fingers pull into a bent position. Alternatively, knobs under the skin may develop over your knuckle joint. In some cases, lumps or cords appear under the skin, causing discomfort.
Severe cases of the condition need surgery. Our hand surgeons perform a physical examination and evaluate the severity of your condition.
Techniques Used in Hand Surgery
There are other certain types of surgery that might be performed depending on the patient’s condition. Surgical techniques used in hand reconstruction may include:
- Grafting: The hand surgeon transfers tissues, bones, skin, or nerves from a healthy donor to the patient.
- Flap surgery: This involves removing the skin, muscle, blood vessels, and excess fat from a healthy area to the affected area of the hand.
- Transplantation or replantation: This involves re-attaching affected fingers or hands through precise microsurgical procedures.
- Fixation: It is mainly for patients with fractures of the fingers. Fixation involves using wires or plates and screws to realign the fractured part of the hand.
- Surgical drainage or debridement: Involves removing a collection of pus if there’s an abscess in the hand. It prevents further infection and promotes healing.
- Joint Replacement: This type of orthopaedic surgery is mainly for individuals with severe arthritis. It involves using an artificial joint to replace the damaged joint. The artificial joint may be silicon rubber, metal, plastic, or the patient’s tendon.
Schedule an appointment with one of the esteemed members of the Memphis Medical Society if you are experiencing any pain of the hands, wrist, or fingers. Our hand surgeons in Memphis, Tennessee are rated as some of the best surgeons in the Mid-South. They are experienced in the fields of reconstructive and orthopaedic surgery, offering professional, personalized care to all their patients. Find surgeons at Campbell Clinic Inc., Memphis VA Medical Center, and more.